Starting to contribute to an open-source project is always recommended to someone who is studying to be a programmer.
Many say that it is an excelent way to show your potential as a developer and some companies ask about these contribution as a way of evaluation. Besides that, when you contribute to an open-source, you are helping and adding value a community that is committed in creating solutions that broad and open (thus, it is beautiful ❤).
Disclaimer: In an old post, I talked about how frustrating it was writing documentation for 3 whole months. However, I should make some clear: there are times to write code and times to write documentation. I was frustrated in just doing for 3 long months while I was hoping to become a programmer. This made me unconfortable on writing documentation for while and I didn’t want to do it at all. Now, I realized that eventually a good documentation can save you time, work and frustrations on developing a new project.
However, everytime I asked people how could I start contributing (and everytime people asked how they could start) I always got/said something like “look for a project on Github”. Big news! What project? Who? Why? What the hell should I be doing? I am in a process to contribute more to open-source projects and so I did this small guide on how to help a project based on a contribution I wanted to do in a project.
A thing I wanted you to have in mind is that contributing not always means coding. There are several pull requests¹ that need revision, issues (new problems/tasks) that need to be created so that developers know whats wrong with the code and there is documentation that needs help. Today, we will focus on a documentation case.
¹Pull requests are visualizations on what was changed on a code when someone is trying to add new code to an existing repository. From GitHub documentation: Pull requests let you tell others about changes you’ve pushed to a repository on GitHub. Once a pull request is opened, you can discuss and review the potential changes with collaborators and add follow-up commits before the changes are merged into the repository.
I know that for someone that is eager to program, this can be awkward and even discouraging. But writing documentation is extremely helpful. Many cool projects have documentation flaws or even inconsistent. And there is more: to write a good documentation it is necessary, many times, to spend hours reading the project code to understand what it does and to explain to users in a didatic way. So, let’s make a contribution together? Come with me :)
Create your own project
Simple tip: it is extremely difficult to contribute to a project that you have no idea how it works. So, try make a side project. Big or small, with big purposes or not, it doesn’t matter. Start creating something that gets your attention. Big chances that you will need new modules and libraries to develop your project. Add value to a project you use (and see its value) is something much more motivating then chosing a random project. In my case, I started a small project using Django and I wanted to add some authentication through Github.
Having a hard time
I found out that the most used module for this case was the social-app-django from python-social-auth. I read the documentation and was very confused. I didn’t understand what I was supposed to do nor how to do it. I struggled a lot and when through the code to try to figure it out. Finally, I found an article from Vitor Freitas that explained me everything step-by-step. Beautiful, it worked! I saw an opportunity to improve the documentation. I was handling other features that weren’t in the article nor in the documentation. Hey! I can contribute to this!
Getting more information
Big projects usually have a file to indicate how the expect your contribution to occur. In the social-app-django, I found the contribution guide:
From that document, I knew that the first step was having a Github account (check!), add an issue explaining the problem and, if possible, make a project fork. Let’s go!
Creating a new issue
I followed the instructions and added a new issue explaining my problem, showing the article and saying that I was willing to make this contribution to the project. If it was a code problem, it would be recommended to say which steps you did to bump into this problem. Add screenshots from your screen showing the error you got.
It is always important to remember that, even though you are willing to help, managing a project like this is usually complex. In most cases, people do this kind of open-source projects on their free time. They are not always with time (and will) to read a bad written issue or a unexplained issue. Be polite, helpful and don’t get angry if you doesn’t get an answer anytime soon!
In my case, I explained my problem, showed where I got help and said that I could help with this.
My issue showed where I found the solution and shows I am willing to contribute
I waited for 8 days but got no answer. Decided to go forward.
Creating a fork
I realized that the documentation was not on the same repository as the code, but on a special repository called social-docs. So, I made a fork from this repository. A fork means that I will have a copy of the repository in my Github account. This way, I can create new branches, make changes and send pull-requests.
Changing the files
We should create a separate branch from the master branch, so I can make the changes. This branch will be used to create a pull-request on the original repository.
I read the documentation, understood the code and finally, I was able to make two pull-requests, one to each document.
My open-source contribution was done!
This may seem simple to some people, but it took me some hours of code reading trying to figure this out. Luckly, this small contribution will help other developers and they will be wuicker on make things done. So, if you have no ideia how to contribute, how about helping documentation? Did you got stuck somewhere because of wrong docs? Why don’t you help them?